Around the world, roofs come in all shapes and sizes. Roofs are not just wood and asphalt shingles. Rather, they are a multi-faceted and multi-layered system that protects your home or place of business from a number of dangers, such as infestations, severe weather, and extreme heat or cold. If you understand all the parts of your roof, it’ll be a lot easier to explain your problems or concerns with a roofing professional when you make the call for an inspection, fascia board repair, or a routine maintenance. So, what are soffits and fascia boards? Why are they important? Read on to find out more and see if repairing your fascia boards is a good idea.
Fascia boards are the very long, straight boards that line the lower edge of a roof. It’s the point where the board meets the edge of the pitch on the roofline. These boards are attached to the bottom ends of roof trusses and essentially protect the space between the roof and the outdoors. The issue with fascia boards is that they can be damaged quite easily if they are exposed to flying debris such as a tree limb or hail. They are also prone to wood rot if the gutters are not functioning properly.
Fascias have a lot of work to do. They can support a lower edge of the bottom row of roofing tiles, and they also have the task of carrying all the guttering. Fascias must be built well because they help stabilize and direct gutters. You can imagine how much force these boards have to withstand during the severity of a storm! Fascia boards need to be strong because they must be able to withstand many pounds of force and several gallons of water per second.
While fascias are found in all modern home designs, older homes from the Victorian or Colonial eras will instead have a more ornate roof overhang. Back in the day, the belief was that a large enough roof overhang would prevent rain from getting back into the house. This was proven wrong time and time again, which is why fascia boards and soffits were invented.
The issue with damaged or rotted fascia boards is that it can be difficult to tell if the wood underneath is rotted unless you remove the guttering. A rotted fascia board will not be able to support a gutter that is weighed down by heavy rains or compacted snow. If enough snow accumulates, it could cause a critical failure in the fascia boards, which would end up causing a lot of damage.
Fascia boards are also very visible, which is why you always want them to be in tip-top condition. Attractive and stable fascia boards will add a large amount of curb appeal while also protecting your home from the outside elements.
Aluminum fascia is the aluminum board that runs over the subfascia (the wood). This will help make the home exterior look great while also protecting your home and the underside of your roof. To sum up, here are just a few of the reasons why having properly installed fascia boards is important for your roof:
No fascia boards and open rafters allow critters and insects easy access into your home
An open rafter screwed into the end grain is not nearly as strong as a rafter being screwed into the perpendicular end of a horizontally running fascia board
Gutters (and the weight of running water or snow) are supported by the fascia boards. Weak fascia boards could spell disaster for your gutters
Fascia provides the opportunity for a soffit to close off the attic space
What Are Soffit Boards?
Soffit boards, or a soffit, is the layer of aluminum, vinyl, or wood panelling that secures the space between the top piece of the wall board to the bottom of the fascia board. Soffit boards are crucial because they allow a healthy amount of air circulation in your attic. It’s just one of the many roof ventilation systems that go towards equalizing the interior temperature of your home.
A steady airflow needs to be achieved in a roof to maintain temperature and minimize water damage, and the sofft is one of the most important aspects of this ventilation. Not only will soffit allow cool air to come in, it will also warm air to escape.
Since soffits are vented, it’ll keep the home cooler during the warmer months and prevent a buildup of ice during the winter months. Soffits will also prevent water from accumulating underneath the roof overhang.
Tips For Soffits and Fascia
There are a number of things that you can do to make sure your fascia and soffits are working properly. As always, we recommend that you get a professional opinion on every part of your roof at least once a year with a professional roofing inspection.
Soffits are a prime space for hornet, wasp, or bee nests. Periodically check for miniature nest formations and use insect killer to take care of the issue. If you’re not comfortable with tackling this on your own, definitely call an exterminator to have the problem taken care of before it grows any larger.
If you find mold or mildew running along your soffits, use a broom or a soft brush doused with bleach and water to mop up the mess. After that, you should schedule a call with a roofing professional to check the underside of your roof for possible water damage and weak points.
We say this a lot, but preventative maintenance is the name of the game when it comes to roofs. Being preemptive about your roofing issues and repairs costs next to nothing when you compare it to a large water-damage repair bill.
Always make sure your gutters are free of any contaminants and debris. Lots of leaves, dirt, or other debris may find its way into the gutters over time. If you neglect to clean your gutters, the water may start to back up. And when that happens, the first place it tends to go is the fascia boards.
When you schedule a routine roofing inspection, make sure to let the roofing professional know that you want a thorough inspection of the flashing around the soffits and fascia boards, as well as the gutters. There are correct and incorrect ways to install fascia and soffit, so make sure that the roof inspector lets you know that your roof is properly waterproofed.
How do you calculate and plan roofing ventilation 101 and why is this necessary? Well, there are actually quite a lot of benefits when your roof has sufficient ventilation. First and foremost, proper roofing ventilation will increase your roof’s lifespan. Blistered shingles, Ice dams, and frost in the attic are sure signs that your home is suffering from poor ventilation. In fact, proper ventilation can save you thousands of dollars on roof repairs!
Poor ventilation can cause damming (where ice builds up on your roof). This can create significant damage to your roof and decrease its lifespan. Ice damming is a result of heat in your attic combined with the sun’s heat, which causes snow to melt on your roof. When the melted water gets to the edge of the roof there will be a possibility that the roof will refreeze. This can compromise not only your roofing system, but the whole structural integrity of your attic. With proper ventilation, hot air will be effectively removed from your attic so that it doesn’t melt the snow on your roof.
Another benefit of good roofing ventilation is that it helps lower energy costs. When the outside temperature rises, people go indoors to keep themselves cool. When your roof is properly vented, it will allow heat to dissipate. This means your AC’s workload will be reduced… resulting in a lower power bill.
Types of Ventilation
There is a wide range of ventilation systems; however, there are only two main methods of ventilation: mechanical and natural ventilation. Natural ventilation uses wind to push the rising hot air out of a vent as exhaust.
Regional factors like climate, house style, and code requirements vary from city to city. Each system is specially designed to take all that into consideration.
There are several types of vents. We’ll help you choose one that best fits your local climate and local codes. Exhaust vents enable hot air, or exhaust, to escape. A type of exhaust vent called a ridge vent, which is fastened onto the point where two separate roof sections meet, does quite a few things for the roof. The ridge vents are fastened underneath the shingles so that the ventilation does not
interrupt the aesthetic of the roof design, while properly maintaining the interior temperature of the building.
Intake vents are installed at the eaves, drip edge, or under the shingles. They cooperate with ridge vents to let cool air enter the attic and force hot air to escape through the ridge vents.
Sometimes a combination of vents should be used and high and low vents should be installed for proper ventilation. High vents act like exhaust vents while low vents should act like intake vents, but it depends on the winds from the particular climate.
Crooked turbine vents are the ventilation systems that spin from the wind. They have to be installed perfectly level in order to properly function with the wind. These vents do a good job of pulling the hot air from inside of the whole house as long as the attic is sealed properly.
How do you calculate roof ventilation?
Step 1– Use a tape measure to calculate the dimensions of the attic. If your attic spans the entire area of your house then it will be easier for you to measure the outside of your house. Let’s assume that your attic floor has an area of 1200 sq ft (30×40 ft).
Step 2 – In order to find the appropriate venting needs of your attic, you’ll need to divide 1200 (floor area) by 150. The answer will give you your roof’s venting needs.
Step 3– Your next step is to measure your roof ridge’s length. Multiply the length by 18 square inches. The answer is the amount of venting for a ridge provider per linear foot.
Step 4 – Calculate the dimensions of the soffit vents and then measure their areas. Make sure you have sufficient numbers in order to have extra venting for your attic. You can usually find the square footage of a soffit vent on the label.
For example, if you use a 6×12 rectangular vent then it means you’ll need 10 of those since each one has around ½ square foot and you have to match it with the ridge vents.
Step 5 — Next, use a ruler and marking pencil to measure and mark those dimensions out onto the roof.
Step 6 — Use a jigsaw or reciprocating saw to cut along your measurements. Make sure to cut through shingles and wood underneath.
Step 7 Next, use a pry bar to loosen shingles and remove the section.
Step 8 Apply a thick layer of caulk to the flange of the vent (the bottom)
Step 9 After that, slide the vent into the surrounding shingles. The bottom part of the vent should be left exposed. Rest it on the shingles below.
Step 10 — Hammer in nails every few inches to make sure the vent is secure
Step 11 — make sure there are no loose shingles around the vent. If there are, hammer them down with some nails.
Roof ventilation systems should be cleaned every few years or annually if the climate is severe. Blasting the vent with compressed air is the best way to remove dirt, dust, and loose insulation.
Ventilation is paramount to the overall health of your home. Not cleaning vents is equivalent to not even having them in the first palace. Prevent moisture buildup, cooling costs, the lifespan of the roof, and potential damage by cleaning the vents. This cleaning method depends on your access to an air compressor and the access of the vents, they may be too high to reach from the attic. An alternative method is pressurized water pressure. Another less effective method is a broom.
If you have to install a venting system on your roof, whether it is a new build, renovation, or a system replacement, you should let professionals take care of the installation. Roofing work is one of the most dangerous jobs, and a lack of experience makes the job even harder to do yourself. Additionally there are so many technicalities involved with the installation of the proper ventilation system. Cleaning the systems can be just as difficult and technical as installation, which is why it is better to hire a professional for this service as well.
Professionals at Tornado Roofing Co in South Florida have in-depth knowledge and experience in roof ventilation calculation, installation, and maintaining. We are the best roofing company in Southwest Florida. We have over 20 years of experience, a great reputation, and raving reviews.
We would love to show you why we are Southwest Florida’s favorite and most reliable roofers.
A structure that lacks a sound roof cannot continue to stand. Indeed, a sturdy roof is essential to the overall health of your home and keeping your roof in excellent condition is one of your most important jobs as a homeowner. Here’s everything that you must know about how to shingle a roof that will withstand the harshest Florida weather conditions.
Installing a new shingle roof is an expensive investment, and you’ll want to be sure that you need a new one before you hire a roofing contractor. Fortunately, your roof will show you signs that it requires replacement. Some of the most obvious signs include
Lots of missing shingles
Curling and buckling appearance
A soft feeling under your feet when you step on the roof
Significant damage in roof valleys
Shingle granules wash off during rain
Daylight shining into your attic
In general, an asphalt shingle roof can last decades if you keep up with regular maintenance. Roofing weakens with age, and you’ll most likely need to consider replacing an older roof at some point soon.
If you’re nervous about the performance of your roof, don’t hesitate to contact us for a roof audit. We’ll give you an honest and experienced opinion on whether you need a new roof or only a few repairs.
Why choose asphalt shingles
When it comes to paying for a new roof, it pays to take your time to get it done right. After all, since a properly installed asphalt shingle roof can last for decades, you’ll want to make sure that the roofing material that you choose complements the exterior of your house in a way that makes you proud to return home each day.
Asphalt shingles are a favorite choice for the vast majority of homeowners due to the benefits that come along with asphalt as a roofing material. Some of the terrific reasons to choose asphalt shingles for your roof include (1) budget-friendly price, (2) ease of installation, (3) variety of styles and colors, (4) durability and (5) relatively low maintenance requirements.
Sometimes the cost to install a new shingle roof makes people think about hiring an unlicensed and inexperienced person who promises to fix the roof for less money. Whatever you do, never trust something as critical to the well-being of your home to anyone less than an experienced and licensed roofing contractor. Remember that a properly installed shingle roof can provide you with decades of high-quality performance and you’re most likely to receive top-notch installation expertise through a roofing contractor like Tornado Roofing & Contracting Inc.
Installing a residential roofing system is serious business, and you’ll want to make sure that any roofing contractor that you consider using meets a high level of professionalism. Some of the things that you must check out before signing a contract to have your roof replaced include
Insurance- any roofer worth hiring carries substantial liability and worker’s compensation insurance.
Details in writing- make sure that every aspect of the estimate and contract is in written form. Do yourself a favor and read over everything before you sign anything.
License- Florida has strict requirements that anyone doing business as a roofing contractor in Florida must meet. Check to see if a roofer holds a Florida license at www.myfloridalicense.com.
Lastly, a well-installed and maintained asphalt shingle roof provides decades of protection and beauty to your home. A new roof is an investment of thousands of dollars, so it’s smart to hire a professional who knows how to shingle a roof that will stand up to Florida’s most violent storms for decades into the future.
Contact us at Tornado Roofing & Contracting Inc. for all of your roofing needs.